Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is an umbrella term for different injuries, disorders and diseases that negatively impacts the movement of human body (mobility) or specific parts of the musculoskeletal system. There are several different forms of MSDs which are named differently based on symptoms. MSDs are mostly presented because of stress to a particular part of the body or overuse of the body part (mainly joints). However, research had proven that there are several other reasons and risk factors that will influence a person to develop MSDs. The risk factors might come from the person’s work life or personal life. Things like not having proper diet, bad fitness, having a problem with metabolism might be classified as risk factors arising from the individual. There are some factors like work that requires a person to continuous engage in a repetitive activity or needs the person to exert extreme force or just expect them to be in the same posture for long time.
Treatment plan and therapy
There are different forms of treatment and therapy plan available for MSDs. One of the most common forms of treatment plan available for MSDs is best radial shockwave therapy. In this treatment plan, shock waves which in reality are high pressure waves are applied to tissues that are injured or damaged. This act activates metabolic reactions whereby it will reduce the pain felt by nerve and relaxes the muscles by increasing the blood flood to the tissues. These activities will begin the healing process of the tissue and triggers the stem cells activation in the area.
The studies by Gerdesmeyer et al. have shown that shock wave therapy for plantar fasciitis has reduced the pain by 72.1% compared to the placebo treatment given to the control group. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common MSDs that occur due to the inflexibility or tightness of leg muscles. There is enough evidence to conclude that exercise therapy and psychosocial therapy helps people with MSDs to help decrease their pain and increase the mobility of the affected area. MSDs are often treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids. There in fact are very effective in short term use and in management of pain. Long term use of any medication has adverse effects on the patient and sometimes even the patients tend to start abusing the prescribed medication and add over the counter medications to their list.In conclusion, there are several other factors and treatment plans available for different MSDs. Therefore, you need to understand the particular MSD you are diagnosed with and get help for that disorder.